Fish is one of the last hunted food sources and like all hunted species, is under threat of overhunting. Arsenic is a naturally occurring substance in the Ganga Delta that has detrimental effects on health and may enter the food chain, especially in key crops such as rice. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Fishes of Bangladesh - Angling in Bangladesh", Freshwater and Estuarine Fishes of Bangladesh, Bangladesh Fisheries Information Share Home (BdFISH), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_fishes_in_Bangladesh&oldid=1001137798, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from December 2014, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 11:40. Vinita Damodaran has extensively profiled famine management practices by the British colonial administration, and related these practices to major ecological changes wrought about by forest and land management practices. [7], In recent years,[when?] Fish are caught both from natural resources and by farming in self-made ponds. Ilish is the national fish of the country where it contributes 13% of country's total fish production. Seafood Industry Directory < Home Page : Fish & Seafood Products Directory: Companies by Species - Companies listed by the fish or seafood product that they deal in. [1], Between 125 and 143 million people live on the delta,[citation needed] despite risks from floods caused by monsoons, heavy run-off from the melting snows of the Himalayas, and North Indian Ocean tropical cyclones. Total fish production in Bangladesh in 2014–2015 was reported to be 3,684,245 t, of which 1,023,991 t (27.79%) were from inland open waters, 2,060,408 t (55.93%) from inland closed waters and 599,846 t (16.28%) from marine fisheries (Table 1 and Fig. The Lower Gangetic plains moist deciduous forests ecoregion covers most of the delta region, although the forests have mostly been cleared for agriculture and only small enclaves remain. Hot, dry summers and cool, dry winters make the climate suitable for agriculture. FACT #10: Many fish humans consume, including brown trout, cisco, and perch, have at one time or another, ingested plastic microfibers. The major crops that are grown in the Ganges Delta are jute, tea, and rice. The Ganges Delta (also known as the Sundarbans Delta or the Bengal Delta) is a river delta in the Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent, consisting of Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal.It is the world's largest river delta and it empties into the Bay of Bengal with the combined waters of several river systems, mainly those of the Brahmaputra river and the Ganges river. 18. The Irrawaddy dolphin is an oceanic dolphin which enters the delta from the Bay of Bengal. ", "Collision of the Ganges-Brahmaputra Delta with the Burma Arc", "Global Demand for Fish Rising—Fish Farming is the Fastest Growing Field of Agriculture", "History and Society/Disasters/Cyclone Deaths", "Empire and Ecology in the Bengal Delta: The Making of Calcutta. We've always known this threat and for the last 40 years, we've worked with whoever would listen to make sure that fish and seafood are caught in numbers that don't threaten their existence. Three terrestrial ecoregions cover the delta. [8] Shrimp are farmed in containers or cages that are submerged in open water. It is also one of the most fertile regions in the world, thus earning the nickname the Green Delta. The 'Barents Sea', the first large-capacity trawler-processor in modern Russian history, built in a Russian shipyard Russia Fed. scientists have been helping the poor people of the delta to improve fish farming methods. [19], Important gas reserves have been discovered in the delta, such as in the Titas and Bakhrabad gas fields. Where the delta meets the Bay of Bengal, Sundarbans mangroves form the world's largest mangrove ecoregion, covering an area of 20,400 square kilometres (7,900 sq mi) in a chain of 54 islands. They derive their name from the predominant mangrove species, Heritiera fomes, which are known locally as sundri or sundari. Our list of maps of all major bodies of water. The 'Barents Sea' is the first large-capacity trawler-processor in … [20][21], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}22°42′N 89°40′E / 22.700°N 89.667°E / 22.700; 89.667, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Lower Gangetic plains moist deciduous forests, rising sea levels caused by climate change, "Life in Bangladesh Delta: On the Edge of Disaster", "Where Is The Largest Delta In The World? The enormous sediment supply from the Himalayan collision has extended the delta about 400 kilometres (250 mi) seaward since the Eocene. Many endangered species live here. Several major oil companies have invested in exploration of the Ganges Delta region. The fish glossary contains fish name with picture, translation from English to Malayalam, Tamil, Kannada, Telugu, Hindi, Konkani, Bengali, Oriya, Marathi, Arabic for the UAE and gulf market and Tagalog names for my filipino friends, also some common fish names of India, UAE, Philippines and names in sindhi and balochi. [15] [16], In terms of recent scholarship that focuses more on the eastern part of the Bengal/Ganges Delta, Iftekhar Iqbal argues for the inclusion of the Bengal Delta as an ecological framework within which to study the dynamics of agrarian prosperity or decline, communal conflicts, poverty and famine, especially throughout the colonial period. Another cyclone hit the delta in 1991, killing about 139,000 people. If you manage to … [4] Fishing is also an important activity in the delta region, with fish being a major source of food for many of the people in the area. For centuries, fisherman have been training otters to act as herders and chase large schools of fish into the nets. Animals in the delta include the Indian python (Python molurus), clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa), Indian elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) and crocodiles, which live in the Sundarbans. Thick stands of tall grass, known as canebrakes, grow in wetter areas. The capital and the largest city is Dhaka (formerly "Dacca"). The delta stretches from the Hooghly River east as far as the Meghna River. It is believed that upwards of 300 million people are supported by the Ganges Delta; approximately 400 million people live in the Ganges River Basin, making it the most populous river basin in the world. It is composed of a labyrinth of channels, swamps, lakes, and flood plain sediments (chars). The Ganges–Brahmaputra basin has tropical deciduous forests that yield valuable timber: sal, teak, and peepal trees are found in these areas. In Bangladesh, otters help fisherman maximize their haul. Blob Fish: Scientific Name: Scientific name of blobfish is Psychroulutesmarcidus. Recently Featured in 2020/2021 . It is estimated that 30,000 chital (Axis axis) are in the Sundarbans part of the delta. [10] It also left many people homeless. Bangladesh has a national fish called Hilsa. It is a family member of Psychroulutidae. The sediment thickness southeast of the edge of the paleoshelf beneath the Ganges Delta can exceed 16 km (10 miles). By turning unused ponds into viable fish farms and improving methods of raising fish in existing ponds, many people can now earn a living raising and selling fish. The Sundarbans freshwater swamp forests ecoregion lies closer to the Bay of Bengal; this ecoregion is flooded with slightly brackish water during the dry season, and fresh water during the monsoon season. Most are exported.[7]. Birds found in the delta include kingfishers, eagles, woodpeckers, the shalik (Acridotheres tristis), the swamp francolin (Francolinus gularis), and the doel (Copsychus saularis). One of the greatest challenges people living on the Ganges Delta may face in coming years is the threat of rising sea levels caused by climate change. [17] Iqbal has tried to show how resistance movements such as the Faraizi movement can be studied in relation to colonial ecological management practices.[18]. Approximately 1,020 endangered Bengal tigers (Panthera tigris tigris) are believed to inhabit the Sundarbans. Bangladesh is a country with thousands of rivers and ponds and is notable for being a fish-loving nation, acquiring the name "Machh-e Bhat-e Bangali" which means, "Bengali by fish and rice". An increase in sea level of 0.5 metres (1 ft 8 in) could result in six million people losing their homes in Bangladesh. Family and History: The fish is classified under the classification of Pdychrolutes and is a deep-sea fish. Using new systems, fish production in existing ponds has increased 800%. Most islands are only connected with the mainland by simple wooden ferryboats. By Debjani Bhattacharyya", "Water Resources in the Ganges River Basin", Ganges Delta: Most Fertile Land for Growing Raw Jute, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ganges_Delta&oldid=1002359879, Articles needing additional references from April 2011, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2017, Articles needing additional references from February 2013, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 January 2021, at 01:40. People have to be careful on the river delta as severe flooding also occurs. ), bamboo, mangrove palm (Nypa fruticans), and mangrove date palm (Phoenix paludosa). It is the world's largest river delta[2][3] and it empties into the Bay of Bengal with the combined waters of several river systems, mainly those of the Brahmaputra river and the Ganges river. WEBINAR ON SEA BASS FARMING IN THAILAND & HILSA ECOLOGY & ARTIFICIAL BREEDING IN BANGLADESH Organized by Bangladesh Fisheries Research Institute (BFRI) in Collaboration with Centre on Integrated Rural Development for Asia and the Pacific (CIRDAP), 15 January 2021. Most of the delta is composed of alluvial soils made up by small sediment particles that finally settle down as river currents slow down in the estuary. 2).The yearly increasing rate of overall fish production increase in Bangladesh went from was 7.20% to 3.84% during the years … On February 4, 2021, a ceremonial launch of the ship 'Barents Sea' will take place in St. Petersburg for field trials. Rivers carry these fine particles with them, even from their sources at glaciers as fluvio-glacial. Red and red-yellow laterite soils are found as one heads farther east. The 1970 Bhola cyclone killed 500,000 people (official death toll), with another 100,000 missing. The Ganges Delta (also known as the Sundarbans Delta or the Bengal Delta[1]) is a river delta in the Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent, consisting of Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal. The Bangladesh government asked for $900 million to help feed the people of the region, as the entire rice crop was lost.[11]. The soil has large amounts of minerals and nutrients, which is good for agriculture. The Ganges river dolphin is a true river dolphin, but is extremely rare and considered endangered. Bangladesh (officially called People's Republic of Bangladesh) is a country in South Asia.It is next to the North-east Indian provincial regions of India, which converges with Southeast Asia to the east. 1. Bangladesh is a country with thousands of rivers and ponds and is notable for being a fish-loving nation, acquiring the name "Machh-e Bhat-e Bangali" which means, "Bengali by fish and rice".. Ilish is the national fish of the country where it contributes 13% of country's total fish production. Bridges are rare. Its full name is The People's Republic of Bangladesh. In Asia, where much of the rice is grown in coastal areas and low-lying deltas, rising seas will likely disrupt rice production, and … The Guinness Book of World Records estimated the total loss of human life from the Bhola cyclone at 1,000,000.[9]. Two species of dolphin can be found in the delta: the Irrawaddy dolphin (Orcaella brevirostris) and the Ganges river dolphin (Platanista gangetica gangetica). The Ganges Delta lies at the junction of three tectonic plates: the Indian Plate, the Eurasian Plate, and the Burma Plate. In November 1970, the deadliest tropical cyclone of the twentieth century hit the Ganges Delta region. Some experts predict that sea levels could rise one meter by 2100 due to melting polar ice caps and glaciers. For instance, sea turtles by-caught in fisheries operating within and around the patch can have up to 74% (by dry weight) of their diets composed of ocean plastics. Trees found in the delta include sundari, garjan (Rhizophora spp. If you generally enjoy fish, this is the place to be. [citation needed]. In the worst-case scenario, in which sea levels rise by more than six feet this century, Bangladesh alone stands to lose some 800 square miles of mangroves in the Sundarbans. As there is a maze of many river branches, the area is difficult to pass. The Gorai-Madhumati River, one of the distributaries of the Ganges, divides the Ganges Delta into two parts: the geologically young, active, eastern delta, and the older, less active, western delta. The world's oceans, seas, rivers and lakes, every gulf, strait, bay and canal from World Atlas. It covers more than 105,000 km2 (41,000 sq mi) and, although the delta lies mostly in Bangladesh and India, rivers from Bhutan, Tibet, India, and Nepal drain into it from the north. A strong criticism of environmental history scholarship with regards to the Bengal/Ganges delta is that most of the scholarship is limited to the 18th to the 21st centuries, with a general dearth of ecological history of the region prior to the 18th century. Sea level rise. Bangladesh on Friday moved 1,776 Rohingya to the island, which emerged from the sea just two decades ago and is several hours’ journey away from the southern port. [5] The edge of the Eocene paleoshelf runs approximately from Kolkata to the edge of the Shillong Plateau. In 1998, the Ganges flooded the delta, killing about 1,000 people and leaving more than 30 million people homeless. [6], Approximately two-thirds of the Bangladesh people work in agriculture and grow crops on the fertile floodplains of the delta. It is found in the seawater of Australia, New Zealand and Tasmania. Shares are in your name not street name (the broker's name).-----General Mills Inc. (GIS) Featured DRIP company for February 2021 . It is delicious, but you may find it hard to handle. The Ganges Delta has the shape of a triangle and is considered to be an "arcuate" (arc-shaped) delta. Approximately 60% of the delta is in Bangladesh and 40% in West Bengal, India. These forests, too, have been almost completely converted to intensive agriculture, with only 130 square kilometres (50 sq mi) of the ecoregion's 14,600 square kilometres (5,600 sq mi) protected. The Rohingya, a minority group who fled violence in Buddhist-majority Myanmar, are not allowed to move off the island without government permission. The Ganges Delta lies mostly in the tropical wet climate zone, and receives between 1,500 to 2,000 mm (59 to 79 in) of rainfall each year in the western part, and 2,000 to 3,000 mm (79 to 118 in) in the eastern part. A large part of the nation of Bangladesh lies in the Ganges Delta; many of the country's people depend on the delta for survival.[4]. [12][13][14] Debjani Bhattacharyya has shown how Calcutta was constructed as an urban centre through tracing ecological changes wrought upon by colonial powers involving land, water and humans throughout the mid-18th to the early 20th centuries. It has a lot of tiny bones, and deboning it properly is an art. Some islands are not yet connected to the electric grid, so island residents tend to use solar cells for a bit of electric supply. Fish are caught both from natural resources and by farming in self-made ponds. Most of the Ganges Delta has a population density greater than 200/km2 (520 people per square mile),[citation needed] making it one of the most densely populated regions in the world. The food in Bangladesh consists mostly of fish. The history of the Bengal delta has been a concern of emerging scholarship by environmental historians. 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