The funding that is currently available is nowhere near large enough to match the scale of child marriage worldwide. By browsing this website, you agree to our use of cookies. Read the case study. Ending child marriage also requires increased, targeted investments from both international donors and governments in high prevalence countries. Child marriage is associated with poor health outcomes. Child marriage is a marriage or similar union, formal or informal, between a child and an adult or another child under a certain age, typically age eighteen. In many communities it is the men who hold the power and make the decisions. Participants at a training by Tostan act out a wedding ceremony in Soudiane, Senegal. At the same time, providing girls with access to quality education is a key strategy to … Find out more, © Copyright 2002 - 2021 All Rights Reserved, Establish and Implement Laws and Policies, A Theory of Change on Child Marriage – Girls Not Brides, A three-step guide to developing a collective Theory of Change, Recommended indicators for Girls Not Brides members working to address child marriage, How empowering girls can help end child marriage, Zambia: how safe spaces for girls are preventing child marriage, A simple solution to a major problem: how information empowers girls against child marriage, The roving shelters: improving girls’ lives in post-earthquake Nepal, How educating girls prevents child marriage: Insights from Ethiopia, Integrated project for empowering adolescent girls, Abriendo oportunidades (“Opening opportunities”), Female-friendly spaces in a post-earthquake Nepal, The Ishraq program for out-of-school girls: from pilot to scale-up, Delaying child marriage through community based skills development programs for girls: results from a randomized controlled study in rural Bangladesh. COVID-19: latest news and resources on child marriage and COVID-19, Ending child marriage in challenging times – a message from our CEO, 10 ways the world got closer to ending child marriage in the last 10 years, COVID-19 and child, early and forced marriage: An agenda for action, Child Marriage: a Form of Violence Against Children, Surfer not bride: how Naomi waved goodbye to early marriage, More than a white dress: In the midst of the Syrian crisis, girls rise to end child marriage. Ending child marriage requires work across all sectors and at all levels. It requires us to understand the complex drivers behind the practice in different contexts and adapt our interventions accordingly. Every child marriage hurts our entire family and community. In India, child marriage is illegal, but still occurs, and has declined only modestly over the past 15 years. Support Legislation Against Child Marriage. "UNICEF believes that, because marriage under the age of 18 may threaten a child's human rights (including the right to education, leisure, good health, freedom of expression, and freedom from discrimination), the best way to ensure the protection of children's rights is to set a minimum age limit of 18 for marriage. Email: info@worldschildren.org. For change to happen, the values and norms which support the practice of child marriage need to shift. World's Children is a 501(c)3 Nonprofit registered in the US under EIN 20-5276353. The Indian government has enacted laws that aim to prevent and protect victims of child marriage. Economic empowerment schemes such as microfinance or village savings and loan schemes can help girls to support themselves and their families without having to be married. Supporting young people to be agents of change can be an effective and empowering process in and of itself. The country remains among the top hot spots for the practice that robs girls of an education and, essentially, their childhood. Youth groups, encouraging dialogue between youth and community leaders, and building the capacity of young people are all ways of supporting young people to be champions of change in their own communities. She is also more likely to experience domestic violence. Guatemala: Population Council runs “Abriendo Oportunidades”, a project that addresses child marriage by promoting education, running mentorship programmes, and providing adolescent girls in rural areas information on sexual and reproductive health. Afghanistan: Women for Afghan Women runs guidance centres and shelters for girls and women escaping violence, including child marriage. Girls need the support to make the transition into secondary school. In recent months we have been seeing an increasing number of such headlines appearing in the media. Child protection services need to be accessible via a number of channels, including education, healthcare providers, community workers and the police. In fact, girls’ risk of death in pregnancy or childbirth increases five-fold if they marry at or younger than 14, compared to … India: Institute Health Management Pachod (IHMP) runs a project to protect married and unmarried girls from the consequences of early marriage, early conception as well as sexual and domestic violence. Changing norms at scale is integral to the process of change and a growing number of organisations are using mass media campaigns and other innovative methods such as radio, TV and digital media to raise awareness of girls’ rights and the impact of child marriage. Ending child marriage and supporting married girls require work across four areas: To view our Theory of Change, visit www.girlsnotbrides.org/child-marriage-theory-of-change. Child marriage undermines global efforts to improve girls' education, as many girls drop out of school to marry at an early age. It is based on the premise of a coordination platform led by the Federal Ministry of Women Affairs and Social Development and co-chaired by Save the Children. Child marriage as a concept can be defined as the formal or an informal union between two individuals before attaining the age of eighteen years. The poorest girls and women in India and the Dominican Republic marry on average four years earlier than the wealthiest, and in the least developed countries in the world, 40 percent of all girls are married before reaching adulthood. Read the case study. Complications from pregnancy and childbirth are the leading cause of death for girls between 15 and 19. The most vulnerable girls who have no access to a quality education, healthcare or child protection mechanisms, are at a much greater risk of child marriage than girls who do. Using an empowerment approach can lead to positive outcomes for girls and their families by supporting girls to become agents of change, helping them envisage what alternative roles could look like in their communities and ultimately helping them to forge their own pathway in life. Babies born to … Take action: Keep crisis-affected girls in school. Educated women also have more opportunities to generate income that is likely to be invested in their families and communities. Solutions: Work with religious and traditional leaders to raise awareness of the law, the harmful impact of child marriage and alternatives for girls. Community level change underpins all of our efforts in preventing child marriage and mitigating the harmful effects for married girls. Save the Children works to empower girls and mothers to reduce the numbers of girls marrying before 18. Read the case study. Photo credit: Sarah Farhat / World Bank. Strengthening, implementing and resourcing laws and policies which prevent child marriage is an important step towards recognising and upholding girls’ rights. UNICEF calls child marriage a harmful practice and a violation of child rights, and believes that marriage under age 18 should be prohibited in all circumstances. In recent months we have been seeing an increasing number of such headlines appearing in the media. The Theory of Change stresses the importance of long-term, sustainable interventions that are coordinated, well-resourced and the result of shared learning. The poorest girls and women in India and the Dominican Republic marry on average four years earlier than the wealthiest, and in the least developed countries in the world, 40 percent of all girls are married before reaching adulthood. “Village girls stop child marriages”… “Priests join the fight against child marriage”. Many families and communities see child marriage as a deeply rooted practice which has been part of their culture for generations. Child marriage is a violation of the human rights and an impediment to sustainable development. Increasing access to accessible, high quality and safe schooling is a critical strategy in ending child marriage and ensuring married girls have the opportunity to complete their education. Problem: Child marriages happen outside of the law. India: HAQ Centre for Child Rights works to strengthen existing systems within the government and at the community level to prevent child marriage. A child marriage, also referred to as an underage marriage in the United States, is a marriage in which at least one party is under 18 years of age.. Each state, territory and federal district sets the marriage age in its jurisdiction. The U.N. children’s agency, UNICEF, estimates more than 650 million women alive today were married before the age of 18. Child marriages in parts of Europe and Central Asia may reflect a hardening of gender attitudes that reinforce stereotypical roles for girls and limit their opportunities. “Village girls stop child marriages”… “Priests join the fight against child marriage”. One of the most prominent examples is of Numbers … They can provide a good alternative for girls who do not have access to formal education such as married girls. While most countries legislate for a minimum legal age of marriage, the age of marriage is often higher for men than it is for women and many countries continue to have a legal age of marriage lower than in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. Malawi made a historic amendment to its constitution to fully outlaw child marriage in February 2017 following campaigning by young activists like Charity. In addition, education ensures girls acquire the skills and knowledge to find employment and a means to support their families. A toolkit for religious communities to end violence against women, Ladies and gentle men: boys and men in India need a new meaning for masculine, Summary: bringing religious leaders on board. Learn how we are working to stop child marriage by engaging everyone to stand up and saying no to early marriage. Married girls are more likely to drop out and stay out of school. What constitutes a parent-child relationship in marriage? The U.N. children’s agency, UNICEF, estimates more than 650 million women alive today were married before the age of 18. Babies born to young mothers are at higher risk. ICRW’s latest work is part of a long commitment to studying the causes and consequences of child marriage. Girls Not Brides is a global partnership of more than 1500 civil society organisations committed to ending child marriage and enabling girls to fulfil their potential. At the grassroots, organisations are driving change by campaigning, holding community conversations and using a variety of creative techniques such as street theatre and art to reflect on the practice of child marriage and communicate its harmful impacts for girls and their communities. Why campaigns to stop child marriage can backfire. Working with families and the wider community to raise awareness of the harmful consequences of child marriage can change attitudes and reduce the acceptance among those who make the decision to marry girls as children. Child marriage: what do social norms have to do with it? The very act of girls attending school can reinforce to the community that girls of school-going age are still children. From WorldVision, Before She's Ready: Fifteen Paces Girls Marry by 15. First, girls as young as 11 years-old have their childhood end abruptly and are often forced to … Child marriage has a deep and devastating three-pronged impact. Many girls in the developing world have an unmet need for sexual reproductive health care which can put them at risk of early pregnancy and contracting HIV and other STIs. From ICRW, How to End Child Marriage: Action Strategies for Prevention and Protection and New Insights on Preventing Child Marriage Child marriage is therefore both a cause and a consequence of poor educational attainment for girls. The UN defines child marriage as … The UN defines child marriage as where one, or both parties, are under 18. Malawi: Camfed runs the “Back to school campaign” to provide a quality and safe education to all. Globally the rate of child marriage is dropping—today, around 8% of women (pdf, p. 5) are married before the age of 15, compared to 12% in the 1980s. A review of evidence on interventions commonly accepted as best practices, Family planning for married girls: lessons learned from ICFP 2016, New research identifies what works best to delay marriage in Ethiopia and Tanzania, Family guidance centres and women’s shelters, Reflecting on national strategies to end child marriage: lessons from 11 countries, Lessons learned from national initiatives to end child marriage – 2016, Lessons learned from selected national initiatives to end child marriage – 2015, Strengthening existing systems for prevention of child marriage, Reforming the legislation on the age of marriage: successful experiences and lessons learned from Latin America and the Caribbean, Establish and implement laws and policies. From UNFPA, Child Marriage Factsheet, and Ending Child Marriage: A Guide for Global Policy Action. Photo credit: IPPF. Can religious leaders be our best allies to end child marriage? There is a strong link between poverty and child marriage. "Ending this practice is not only the morally right thing to do but also the economically smart thing to do." It also hampers efforts to end poverty and achieve economic growth and equity," said Quentin Wodon, lead author of the report. In Algeria, the minimum age of marriage for females is 18, which is quite acceptable. How Do Those in ‘Parent-Child’ Marriages Improve Their Relationship? Girls younger than 15 are five times more likely to die in childbirth than women in their 20s. Without progress to prevent child marriage, the number of girls married as children will double by 2050, and Africa will surpass South Asia as the region with the highest number of child … Despite all the challenges, we can stop child marriage and this is only possible if we are able to do many things together to tackle the problem at a social, cultural and legal levels. The country remains among the top hot spots for the practice that robs girls of an education and, essentially, their childhood. Furthermore, ensuring girls have the opportunity to become financially literate and have the ability to open and easily access a bank account (without male supervision) can help them save in a secure way and become financially independent. Theresa is now trying to push the age of marriage up to 21 in Dedza, in order to inspire children to go to college. In recent years child marriage has gained increasing prominence on international and national development agendas. In India, child marriage is illegal, but still occurs, and has declined only modestly over the past 15 years. "Child marriage not only puts a stop to girls' hopes and dreams. Generally, a child marriage ends a girl’s education and she will not have the skills to help lift her family out of poverty. Eliminating child marriage in PakistanAdvocating politically for policies that raise the legal age of marriage from 16 to 18 years old for both girls and boys, without exceptions.Using evidence to tailor interventions in areas where child marriage is rife.More items…. What is child marriage? Do no more harm. Registering births and marriages helps prevent child marriage by proving the age of a girl and her partner and means that girls and women are able to seek financial and legal redress if the marriage ends. 4. We see child marriage as an act of violence, so we enable girls to assert their rights, help families and communities to support them, and influence policy to sustain change. Our latest analysis shows that 51 million girls will marry before 18 by 2030 given current trends. Local girls attend a youth group meeting about sexual reproductive health in their community, Batey Yaco, on the outskirts of Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. The vast majority of child marriages are between a girl and a man, and are rooted in gender inequality. The Girls Not Brides Theory of Change shows the range of approaches needed to address child marriage, and the role everyone has to play to end the practice. When girls are educated, they delay marriage and childbearing. Each year, approximately 15 … Girls need to know about their bodies as well as the types of services and healthcare available to them. Child marriage refers to any formal marriage or informal union between a child under the age of 18 and an adult or another child. 2 Child marriage is an extreme violation of children’s rights and a serious form of child abuse.1 It robs girls of their agency, their childhood, their wellbeing and their potential. Photo credit Mandy Glinsbockel - Aura Freedom International. Child marriage in India is alarmingly high in absolute terms, with over 15 million child brides. A tribal chief in Malawi has become an idol for hundreds of girls for her courage to break up more than 800 child marriages … More resources on child marriage. And globally, we’re still not doing enough end child marriage. In fact, the longer a girl stays in school, the less likely she is to be married before age 18 and have children during her teenage years. Establishing protocols on identifying the warning signs and addressing the risks of child marriage is a key part of this work. It has taken a considerable amount of time for people to understand that, and many souls have suffered unimaginably as a result. Generally, a child marriage ends a girl’s education and she will not have the skills to help lift her family out of poverty. Religious and traditional leaders, too, have the potential to play a key role in speaking out against child marriage and changing community attitudes. Provide an important backdrop for improvements in services, changes in social norms to. 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